I have included below a first grade math lesson that I taught last week (It won’t let me upload because I’m a new to the discussion board). We are focusing on computation and estimation, where we are thinking of different ways we can make numbers using addition and subtraction concepts. I would appreciate any constructive feedback or further ideas
In the first mini-lesson I added “Inquiry Do” instead of “I DO” because I really wanted the students to come up with their own thinking and go through the thinking process instead of me telling them what to do or think. I have found doing a daily “Problem of the Day” that directly relates to what we are learning works well because students are able to think on their own, discuss amongst themselves, and then share out their ideas. From there, I am able to teach new concepts (e.g., in the sample lesson I am introducing ways to organize ways to make 5 and also modeling how to do “switch-a-roos”).
For the “WE Do” component, they are working with pairs to practice making ways to make numbers by using the beans (we pretended they were bears) and placing them outside or inside of a “cave” on a sheet of paper. When I did the lesson, I had them record sets of numbers they came up with on the same sheet as the cave. In retrospect, I could have had them record their sets of numbers on a whiteboard or other sheet of paper so they would have the opportunity to organize their ideas as I had showed them in the “Inquiry Do” part.
For the “YOU Do” part, I had students write out and draw dots to show ways to make 5. I provided the blank boxes because I felt like most of them needed that scaffolding and this helped assess whether or not they could make different sets to make a number.
Also, I am finding it a challenge to find time in my 75 minute math block to implement Math Daily 3. As you can see in the sample lesson plan, I have allocated 10-15 minutes for the mini-lessons and 15 minutes for the Math Daily 3 choices. I have found that setting a timer works well and every day that I do this it gets faster and better. Does anyone have any ideas on how to better or best allocate time to do the full Math Daily 3 with mini lessons when time is limited? Does anyone else only have 75 minutes for the math block, and if so, how do you implement well the Math Daily 3 with mini-lessons?
Thanks for your help with ideas and suggestions!
Michelle in Virginia, USA
NBCT, First Grade
Math Daily 3 Lesson
Math Topic: Computation & Estimation
Enduring Understanding: Joining and separating sets results in different qualities.
Standards of Learning: 1.6 The student will create and solve one-step story and picture problems using basic addition facts with sums to 10 or less and the corresponding subtraction facts.
Objective: Students will make ways to make numbers 5-10 using short story problems or scenarios.
Measurable Objective: (WR: Exit Ticket ) Show four different ways to make 5 by making dots and numbers.
Problem of the Day 3.1: How can you put 2 groups of cows together so that there are 5 cows in all? (Taken from Investigations, Pearson Math). After you find 1 way, look for another way. Tell how you know your answers are correct.
Have students first work this out by themselves with their own thinking, and then share their thoughts orally with each other, and then have students share out to the whole class by agreeing/disagreeing with each other and explaining the different ways they came up with making 5.
Teacher then demonstrates ways to organize ideas for the ways to make 5 and the examples of making a list, table, or web to organize the different ways are modeled. The teacher also plans to model how to think about the “switch-a-roos” after the students discovered this on their own (i.e., 1 and 4 make 5; and 4 and 1 make 5).
Round of Daily 3 Math & Work with Small Groups/Individual Students
Use beans (bears) and make ways to make 6 and 7. Have students choose either 6 or 7 beans and have them place beans (bears) either in or out of the provided cave. Practice. Work in pairs. Teacher works with pairs to give teaching points and guide.
Extra Challenge: For those pairs that already know ways to make 6 and 7 by simply adding 2 sets, give them the challenge to find other numbers that make 6 or 7 by making various sets (e.g., 1 and 2 and 3 make 6; 4 and 1 and 1 make 6, etc). For even more of a challenge, have students start with thinking of a higher number and figure out how to make make 6 (e.g., start with 18 beans (bears) and figure out that you would need to make a set of 12 from the 18 to make 6).
Round of Daily 3 Math & Small Groups/Individual Conferencing
Exit ticket (Quick check/assessment): Make 4 different ways to make 5 on the provided half-sheet of paper. The paper has four empty squares on it for the students to make their four different ways to make 5. Students may show these ways with dots and numbers and may use manipulatives if needed.
Take time to share and discuss what you just learned today in math and how
we might use numbers outside of school (e.g., counting sets of cans of food we might buy in the grocery store; counting sets of coins; counting animals on a farm; or counting the eggs that remain in our refrigerator at home, etc).